Naoshima Kagawa, Japan
Chichu Art Museum
The Chichu Art museum is located on the Naoshima Island which is a small island on Seto Island Sea. The museum was build underground (submerged at the top of a ridge near shore) in order to compliment the natural scenery in the island and minimize environmental impact of the structure. It was designed by a Japanese architect named Tadao Ando for Benesse foundation. The structure was completed in 2004. The museum covers 2573 square meters space underground. And excavation along the north-south axis from the sea was conducted to create a series of geometrical spaces underground. The structure was cleverly designed to use natural lighting.
- Underground public service facilities (archives, libraries, swimming pools)